What are secure FTP and Telnet?

Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) is a secure method for transferring files from one computer to another through networks such as the Internet. This is to replace the insecure File Transfer Protocol (FTP) where data are transmitted in clear text and hence could be intercepted. With SFTP, login passwords and data are encrypted to provide a secure channel for data transfer.

Secure Shell (SSH) is a network protocol that provides a secure method for remote access. SSH was designed as a replacement for telnet and other insecure remote shell. Encryption is enforced to ensure a secure connection.

Secure FTP and Telnet Services at EdUHK

SFTP and SSH services are available in the following central network servers at EdUHK.

Server HostnameDescriptionSupport SFTPSupport SSH
sun.eduhk.hkUnix server for
- Internet webpages
- Intranet webpages
- Staff personal webpages
moon.eduhk.hkUnix server for students' personal webpagesYesYes
msftp.eduhk.hkMicrosoft-based network drives (N & S Drive) for file storageYes-


Recommended Software Tools

OCIO recommends the following software for accessing our serverss.

1. Secure FTP (SFTP)

For Windows (Network PC in EdUHK): 

WinSCP is an open source SFTP client for secure transfer of files between local and remote computers. Users could could access WinSCP via "Network Teaching Software" on network PCs at EdUHK .

For Windows (Non-EdUHK PC): 

For non-EdUHK network PCs/notebooks, users could download WinSCP from http://winscp.net. To set up WinSCP to access to network servers, you need to configure it with the right host name (e.g. msftp.eduhk.hk, sun.eduhk.hk or moon.eduhk.hk) and protocol (i.e. SFTP). 

How to use?

  1. Open WinSCP (SFTP). 
  2. Choose "Session" and "Stored sessions" from the left panel.
  3. Then choose a server from the preset list (e.g. N, S Drive). Then click "Login".
    WinSCP (SFTP) login screen
  4. Enter your username and password.
  5. If login is successful, you can transfer files between your PC and server by dragging n dropping.
     transfer files screen
  6. To disconnect the current session, click "Session" and "Disconnect" from the tool bar.


For Mac:

For Mac users, please use Cyberduck or any other SFTP client software you prefer.


Note: For access off campus, please connect via VPN.


Secure Shell (SSH)

For Windows and Mac:

PuTTY is a free and open source terminal emulator application which can act as a SSH client software.

If you have installed WinSCP on your computer, you could launch PuTTY via WinSCP. Click "Commands" in the menu bar and then "Open in PuTTY" without installing it separately.

PuTTY via WinSCP's menu